References and Notes

  1.  Hartley, L. P (1953) ‘ The Go Between’, Hamish Hamilton, London.
  2. For this account I am indebted to my late friend and colleague Professor David Thistlewood for his work on the archives of the Society for Education through Art. I am also very grateful to the InSEA archivist, Dr Jane Rhoades Hudak (Georgia Southern University), and Professor Irena Wojnar (University of Warsaw) both of whom commented on drafts of this paper. I have also drawn on records held at the National Arts Education Archive: Bretton Hall for which I thank the Director Professor Ron George and Sonja Kielty. My records from serving on the executive committee in one capacity or another from 1983-1999 have also proved useful. 
  3. Barnes, J (1989) ‘The History of the World in 10½ Chapters', Jonathan Cape, London. 
  4. Hoggart, R (1978) in Rhoades, J (1987) ‘A History of InSEA’ unpublished PhD dissertation, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio.
  5. UNESCO (1952) ‘The Visual Arts in general Education: Report on the Bristol Seminar, United Kingdom, 1951’, UNESCO/CUA/36 Paris, 12 May 1952, p 12.
  6. Ziegfeld, E (1951) ‘A report to American art education: The UNESCO seminar in art education, Bristol, England, July 7-29, 1951’, Art Education, The Journal of the National Art Education Association, Volume 4., No. 4, 1951.
  7.  Thistlewood, D (1984) ‘Herbert Read: Formlessness and Form’. Routledge & Kegan Paul, London. 13
  8. ibid. n. 5. p.22.
  9. Zeigfeld, E (1968/9) ‘Symposium’ Athene (Special issue dedicated to Sir Herbert Read 1893- 1968) London, Society for Education through Art, Volume 14, No. 1., Winter, 1968-9, p.24.
  10. Read, H (1965) ‘Education through Art: A Revolutionary Policy’, A lecture given by Sir Herbert Read at an Open Meeting at University, College London, 3rd January 1965 (Pamphlet published by SEA – no other details available).
  11. Preamble to the Constitution of the International Society for Education through Art ratified at the First General Assembly, held at UNESCO, Paris in July 1954.
  12. Rhoades, J (1987) ‘A History of InSEA’ unpublished PhD dissertation, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio.
  13. ibid. n. 12.
  14.  Boughton, D., Eisner, E., Ligtvoet, J. (Eds.) (1996) Evaluating and Assessing the Visual Arts in Education: International Perspectives. NY: Teachers College Press
  15. See: Boughton, D. & Mason, R. (Eds.) (In Press) Beyond Multicultural Art Education: InternationalPerspectives. In the Series European Studies in Education (Christoph Wulf, Series Editor). Munster, NY: Waxman; and, Congdon, K & Boughton, D (Eds) (1998) Evaluating Art Education Programs in Community Centers: International Perspectives of Conception and Practice. Vol 4 in Series Advances in Program Evaluation. Robert E Stake, series Editor. Connecticut, USA: JAI Press.
  16.  Giddens, A (1999) ‘Runaway World’, BBC 1999 Reith Lectures on Globalisation broadcast on 11April 1999.
  17. ibid. n. 16.
  18. ibid. n. 16.
  19.  Skilbeck, M. (1992) ‘National Curricula: Within the OECD', in Unicorn, Volume 18, No., 3, September 1992, pp. 9-13
  20.  ibid. n. 5.
  21.  Barrett, W (1999) unpublished letter to the author dated 28 June.
  22. The first issue of InSEA’s new ‘International Journal of Education through Art’ is due to be published by Intellect Books in the spring of 2005. See for more information.
  23.  ibid. n. 16.
  24. ibid. n. 9.
  25. ibid., n. 16.
  26. Chalmers, G (1996) ‘Celebrating Pluralism: Art, Education and Cultural Diversity’, The Getty Education Institute for the Arts, Los Angeles CA, p.45.
  27.  Earlier versions of this revised and updated paper were published in: Journal of Research in Art & Education, Volume 1, 2000, pp1-19 (Korean Society for Education through Art. ISSN 1229-747X); Congress proceedings of 30th World Congress of InSEA, Brisbane, Australia, AIAE, Elsternwick, Victoria. ISBN 0-646-39274-3; and in Samoraj, M (ed) Education through 14 Art: Time Passing and Time Enduring, Warsaw University, 2002, pp18-29. Another version with the title ‘InSEA: a brief history and a vision of its future role’ was published in the International Journal of Art & Design Education, Volume 20, No. 2, 2001, pp. 215-229.